Essay on social security reform

I gained much knowledge in the specifics of why the social security system is in need of reform, and why it will be inadequate in the years to come. Social Security Reform A little over 60 years ago the nation struggled through what was, up to then, the most dramatic crisis since the Civil War. The economy was uprooted after the crash of the stock market and the country's financial stability destroyed. One of the many steps taken to alleviate the burden on the American people was that of the passing of Social Security Act of and its amendments by Congress and the President, Franklin D.

Under the provisions of the Act, the government would take on the responsibility of taxing the income of all working Americans and returning the money through numerous public benefits and programs. Now the nation faces an economic and political problem with the program …show more content…. This means that taxes collected are not reserved for the individual who has paid them: in Rose 2 the current state he or she must rely on those persons paying SS taxes during the time of their retirement Becker.

For a number of these characteristics and future issues, the Social Security System must be reformed or completely abolished to meet the needs of tomorrow. The leading concerns of Social Security that merits the immediate initiation of reform are the demographic and economic circumstances in the coming century. Even though "forecasting the economy and budget over such a long period is uncertain" there remain many "certainties" regarding problems facing Social Security in the first half of the 21st century OMB, Budget Perspectives The Federal Government's responsibilities extend well beyond "the five- or six-year window" that has restricted the focus of recent budget analysis and debate.

Of these "certainties" are the mounting challenges posed from the baby-boomer generation. This generation, born in the years after World War II, is aging.

Social Security Essay

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Photo by Michael Fox. Striking workers carry a cartoon during a march in Florianopolis, which depicts president Jair Bolsonaro kicking retirees and social security into the open jaws of the sharks and the banks. Drummers play during a rally in Florianopolis on June 14 against the pension reform. Photo by Rosa Fox. In defense of public service and a fair wage. Social movements demand the freedom of former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, during a roadblock in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in the early morning of June A Brazilian flag lays over a roadblock in Rio de Janeiro on the morning of the June 14 general strike.

In the background a sign demands the freedom of former president Lula. A protester throws a tire into the flames of a roadblock in Rio de Janeiro in the early morning of June Photo by Elineudo Meira. Soon enough, the old rates will be long forgotten, and any future repeal or expiration of the tax cuts will feel like a tax increase rather than a return to the status quo ante.

Viewed in an historical context, the tax cuts represent the latest iteration of a long-term trend of U. While no one enjoys paying taxes, behavioral economists have observed that Americans exhibit a particularly, if not irrationally, acute dislike of taxation.

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In a recent laboratory study, for instance, participants appeared to reduce their labor supply more in response to a salient tax increase than to an equivalent wage decrease. For evidence of this dissociation, consider the results of a national survey that asked respondents whether they had used a government program: Until now, our unparalleled creditworthiness backed by a strong dollar has enabled the United States to offset near-term spending needs by issuing long-term debt. If the phenomenon of tax aversion is as strong and durable as behavioral economists suggest, 13 Open this footnote Close this footnote 13 Cf.

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Nancy C. How, then, might Congress reduce the cost of federal entitlement programs while simultaneously minimizing the displacement of benefits on which individuals reasonably relied? By way of response, this Essay offers a novel yet reluctant contribution to the debate about entitlement reform: 15 Open this footnote Close this footnote 15 My contribution is reluctant because I believe that Social Security and Medicare should be left in place and properly funded by tax revenues.

In this proposal, I recommend adapting the well-tested regulatory structure of the federal estate tax system to recover retroactively disqualified benefits in the federal entitlements context. Postmortem austerity would impose new eligibility criteria for Social Security and Medicare under which all individuals would continue to collect benefits during life as under current law. At death, however, wealthy decedents who leave behind significant assets in their estates would be retroactively disqualified from Social Security and Medicare benefits paid during life.

Social security - Wikipedia

Such estates would then be liable for repaying some or all benefits enjoyed by the decedent during life. By postponing the timing of entitlement disqualification until after death, postmortem austerity would mitigate the perceived loss of lifetime benefits while assuring all Americans peace of mind in their older years. To avoid constitutional challenge and reduce incentives for wasteful end-of-life consumption, postmortem austerity should not entirely deprive disqualified participants of the power to transmit property at death.

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Irving, U. Medicare outlays, however, would vary based on the health of the participant.

Social Security Reform - The Chilean Model - Lecture

The repayment obligation should also be offset by Medicare premiums paid by the decedent while receiving medical benefits during life. To avoid disruption within the family unit, the repayment obligation should be deferred until the death of a surviving spouse. Under current law, Social Security and Medicare old-age benefits are not restricted to individuals who cannot afford the cost of retirement and medical expenses, 20 Open this footnote Close this footnote 20 See 42 U. Moore, An Overview of the U. But unlike prior calls for financial means-testing eligibility for federal entitlements, 23 Open this footnote Close this footnote 23 The concept of means-testing entitlement reform is not new—others have proposed limiting access to benefits during life on the basis of financial need.