Operating in its ideal form according to some , ecotourism provides the tourist with a quality nature experience, generates funds and support for conservation efforts, has minimal environmental impact and provides socioeconomic benefits to local host communities.
While there is evidence that ecotourism's espoused benefits can be realized, there are equally as many, if not more, cases where ecotourism has fallen short of its proposed objectives. Indeed, ecotourism's impact has been highly variable. At the same time, some have criticized that there have been relatively few practical assessments of ecotourism's status at specific destinations. This study sought to assess the current status of ecotourism at two destinations where it is being promoted as a regional development strategy.
Hainan, although endowed with a wealth of natural resources, is one of China's most economically backward provinces.
Ecotourism has been identified as an important provincial strategy for balancing economic growth and conservation. The study is intended to enhance the capacity of ecotourism to generate benefits for both the local communities and destinations the protected areas , and thus contribute to the sustainable development of the region more generally.
Given the exploratory nature of the research, qualitative analysis was used. Interviews, observations and secondary sources were the main vehicles of inquiry employed in this study.
Ecotourism and Community Development: Case Studies From Hainan, China
Basic quantitative analysis was used to aid in the interpretation of interview results. Triangulation, in terms of both data sources primary and secondary and methods document collection, observations, interviews, quantitative analysis , was used wherever possible to limit personal and methodological biases.
Academic journal article European Journal of Tourism Research. To evaluate potential ecotourism attractions for sustainable tourism development in Anambra State. To determine the socio-economic and socio-cultural significance of ecotourism attractions in communities selected. Qualitative method was applied using indepth interviews and focus group discussions.
In-depth interviews were carried out across the eight communities from March to September, People selected for the FGD were selected based on the years of service in the ministries, while the community people were selected based on their age, experience and people living in close proximity with the study attractions. Quantitative method was also used for the study.
A total of four hundred and eighty questionnaires were distributed across the eight communities and four hundred and sixty-four questionnaires were returned and used for the study. Forty 40 copies of questionnaires were given to both ministries each having twenty copies respectively.
The Limits of Ecotourism as a Sustainable Development Strategy
Fourteen copies were returned by Information, Culture and Tourism Ministry, while eleven 11 copies were returned by Ministry of Environment. This was supported with secondary data generated for the study through journal articles, textbooks, government publications and other related literature in the library. The nearest neighbour analysis revealed that there is a regular distribution of ecotourism resources within the study locations with a nearest neighbour index result of 1.
There are a lot of endemic flora and fauna found in the plains it. The endemicity among fauna is comparatively high. One would also find several endemic hill country birds in the Horton plains national park.
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The panoramic scenic beauty of the hill country could be witnessed within the park. The famous "World's End" and "Bakers Falls" are major attractions. The Kirigalpotta, second highest peak and the Thotapola, third highest peak of the country are also situated in the Horton plains. The park covers Horton Plains is very popular as a tourist attraction destination. The main attraction in Horton Plains is Worlds End.
The beauty of the landscape, the flora and faunal heritage and the opportunities for recreation attract local and foreign tourists in large numbers.
April, August and December are very popular months for local tourists to visit. The visitation by foreigners is higher in the normal tourist seasons September to April.
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Among the major problems arising from visitation are: littering, removal of plants, drunkenness, fires, and noise pollution. However Horton Plains is considered to be the best tourist destination in Sri Lanka. A set of 60 questionnaires were prepared on order to analysis data. A sample of 60 tourists was selected who visit Horton Plains National Park and according to their ideas the conclusions are driven to the whole.
Then they were categorized into Consequently they were categorized into the age ranges. There was one person more than 60 years of age, 11 people between , 29 in and 19 less than 20 years of age. The first consideration is on the fact on interested tourism in which the answer given to the question of the reasons to choose Horton Plains National Park.
Amount of This indicated the priority given to Ecotourism by most of the tourists. As indicated by the results of the research objectives Horton Plains National Park could be identified as Ecotourism potential. With the introduction, development and protection of the Ecotourism concept, environmental friendly activities could be identified.
The activities like bird watching and trekking could be developed according to the outcome. The trekking activities are been gradually decreasing due to the lack of the professional guiding to the activities. On the other hand, in consideration to the Worlds End trail, Kirigalpottha and Thotupola kanda trails are been less used.